The motherboard is one of the most important parts of the PC, but as a tech enthusiast, you probably already know that.
What you might not know, though, is the role played by each chip, port or slot present on a motherboard.
The role of the motherboard is to allow all these components to communicate with each other.
Considering the fact that all the other components are installed on the motherboard or connected to it, it is safe to say that the motherboard is the central piece of a PC, the component that brings it all together.
Processor Socket The processor socket is the central piece of a motherboard, usually being located near the center of the motherboard.
Power Connectors No computer component can operate without power, and a motherboard is no exception.
The power connector, commonly a 20 or motherboard slots and ports connector, can be situated either near the right edge of the motherboard, or somewhere close to the processor socket on older motherboards.
Newer motherboards have an additional 4-pin or 8-pin connector near the processor, used to supply additional power directly to the processor.
The number of slots can vary, depending on motherboard slots and ports, from 2, in low-end motherboards, all the way up totally free slot machines play 888 8 memory slots, on high-end and gaming motherboards.
It is important to pay close attention to the type of memory a motherboard supports, in order to buy the appropriate memory modules.
Newer motherboards support DDR3 memory, the current industry standard memory architecture, but motherboards with DDR2 memory slots and even DDR1 memory slots are still present on the market.
An interesting aspect is that there are some older motherboard models that supported different types of memory, and usually totally free slot machines play 888 with two DDR1 memory slots and 2 DDR2 memory slots, or two DDR2 slots and two DDR3 slots.
These motherboards were great options for people that wanted to upgrade a motherboard without having to upgrade all the other components as well.
The number of memory slots should be an important criterion to take into account when choosing a motherboard, as it will determine the maximum amount of memory you can install.
You may plan to or — do you really want to be limited by your motherboard in the process?
Coming in just click for source form of a PCI-Express slot on newer motherboards or AGP on older ones, the video card slot is situated right below the processor.
At the opposite pole, high-end gaming motherboards come with multiple video card slots, allowing the installation of multiple video cards in a SLI or CrossFire configuration.
Expansion Slots Expansions have the role of letting you install additional components to enhance or expand the functionality of your PC.
You can install a TV tuner, a video capture card, a better soundcard, etc.
These ports are located under the video card slot, and come in the form of PCI slots on older motherboards or a scaled-down version of PCI-Express slots on newer motherboards.
Some motherboards come with both types of expansion slots.
The number of slots is usually dependent on the format of the motherboard — click the following article motherboards full ATX have more, while smaller formats micro-ATX have fewer, if any.
IDE and SATA Ports IDE and SATA ports are used to provide connectivity for the storage devices and optical drives.
It is not uncommon for manufacturers to include SATA ports of different revisions, such as two SATA2 ports and two SATA3 ports.
Considering the fact that most optical drives on the market come with a SATA connector, and these devices are not bandwidth-hungry, using a SATA2 port for an optical drive is perfectly acceptable.
BIOS Chip and Battery The BIOS chip contains the basic code needed to take your computer through the boot process, up to the point where the operating system takes over.
Since the BIOS code is stored on a memory chip that needs constant power to function, a battery is also present to keep the chip powered when the computer is unplugged.
This metal component is actually a heatsink, and its role is to provide thermal protection for the Northbridge — one of the most important components of a motherboard.
The northbridge is responsible for coordinating the source flow between the memory, the video card and the processor.
A secondary chip, known as Southbridge, has a similar function, coordinating the data flow between the processor and peripherals such as sound cards or network cards.
Front Panel Connectors, USB Headers and Audio Header The front panel connector is where all the elements present on the front of your case are connected.
Power button, reset button, power led, audio connectors and USB connectors — they are all connected to the front panel or the corresponding headers.
Rear Connectors These connectors are the bridge between the outside of your computer and the inside.
The name is a bit misleading, as the connectors are actually located on the left edge of the motherboard; however, since these connectors are accessible from the outside, the name simply implies where they are accessible from — the rear of the PC case.
External peripherals such as keyboard, mouse, monitor, speakers and so on are all connected via these connectors.
So there you have it, the parts of the motherboard and their functions, explained.
Now that you know how to choose your motherboard and build your dream PC, you might want to The article provides a detailed outline of two of the most popular operating systems, Linux and Windows, allowing you to determine which will suite your needs better.
However, if you want to learn more about these operating systems before making a choice, or this.
Add USB 3.0 Ports To Your Old Computer!
Foundation Topics: Motherboards and Their Components. The motherboard represents the logical foundation of the computer. In other words, everything that makes a computer a computer must be attached to the motherboard. From the CPU to storage devices, from RAM to printer ports, the motherboard provides the connections that help them work together.
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